Trizina

TRIZINA - Distance from Ermioni: 50 kms/1 hour

Trizina (Ancient Troezen) is located approximately 8kms West of Galatas, where the road turns away from the sea, towards the small mountain village of Trizina.  A further 1.5kms to the West of the village, you will find the ruined city of Ancient Troezen. Excavations were carried out in the 1890's by the French School of Archaeology, and the German Archaeological Institute in 1932. 

Ancient Troezen was one of the earliest cult centres of Poseidon.  The city was also called Poseidonia.  Plutarch, the philosopher and writer tells us that this was the birthplace of Theseus, who was the great hero of the ancient Greeks.  When Theseus was a young boy and Heracles stayed as a guest in the city, he armed himself with an axe and attacked Heracles thinking he was a lion, as he was wearing a lion-skin.  Many years later, when Theseus helped Heracles defeat the Amazons and take the magic girdle of their queen Hippolyte, Heracles rewarded him by giving him the daughter of Ares in marriage, the Amazon called Antiope. Together they had a son called Hippolytus, who lived and ruled in Ancient Troezen.  Hippolytus' tomb was housed in Troezen's most ancient temple, but this temple was totally destroyed by the severe earthquakes that accompanied the eruption of the volcano on Methana in 283 BC. 

The Troezenians took part in the Trojan War, 1194 -1184 BC, and much later during the second Persian invasion in 480 BC, the Greek fleet assembled at Troezen prior to sailing for Salamis.  During this invasion, all the women and children of Athens were transferred to Troezen for safety, whilst the men fought and won the great sea battle at Salamis.  A year later, in 479 BC, Troezen and Methana sent 200 hoplite warriors to fight the Persian invaders at the battle of Plataea.  Although Troezen had always been allied to Argos and Athens, the Troezenians allied themselves with Sparta during the Peloponnesian War, resulting in Athens sacking the city in 430 BC. 

During the Byzantine period, in the 9th Century AD, Troezen was renamed Damalas, named after a wealthy official to the Byzantine Emperor Leon the Wise.  Later, during the Frankish occupation of Corinth in 1204, Damalas fell into their hands.  After the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, Damalas was ceded to the Venetians who controlled the city until 1531. 

Ancient Troezen is not on the usual tourist trail, but a visit to the site is recommended, as the site is 'off-the-beaten-track' and you will probably be the only one there.  The city nestles under a large mountain-side and the island of Poros is visible in the distance.

Arriving at the small mountain village of Trizina, continue to the main square (plateia) which is at the centre of the village.  The village tavernas and cafes offer the visitors home-made food and cool refreshing drinks with a warm welcome.  For visiting Ancient Troezen, continue your journey on the road above the square and turn right at the pottery workshop.  After travelling for approximately 0.6kms, you will reach a divide in the road which has direction signs next to the Stone of Theseus.

The road to the left will bring you to the arched Temple of the Muses and the stone Tower of Diateichisma, also known as the Tower of Damalas and the Palace of Theseus.  This tower was a Macedonian-Hellenistic fortress, which was later enlarged during the Byzantine-Frankish era.   Continue further up the small track and after a 20 minute walk, you will reach Devil's Bridge (Diavologefiro), an area which has wonderful scenic views, and is an ideal place to have a picnic, next to the mountain stream.

The road to the right will eventually bring you to the Archaeological site of Ancient Troezen after approximately 1km.  Direction signs will guide you to the site.  Leave your car by the entrance gate and continue by foot through the ancient city.  You will see the foundation stones of the Temple of Theseus, the Temple of Hippolytus and the medieval church remains of Panaghia Episkopi. Admission to the site: Free  

Location

Trizina (Troezen)
Greece
37° 29' 48.5592" N, 23° 21' 46.4364" E
Picture Gallery
The mountain village of Trizina Tavernas and cafes in the square of Trizina Village church in Trizina village Monument in the village square of Trizina Artists murals in Trizina Artists murals in Trizina Artists mural of Gen. Theodoros Kolokotronis (seated centre) Trizina nestled below the high mountain peaks Directions on the way to Ancient Troezen Ancient Troezen - The stone of Theseus Ancient Troezen - Temple of the Muses Ancient Troezen - The tower of Diateichisma Stone steps within the tower of Diateichisma Interior view of the tower of Diateichisma Ancient Troezen - The tower of Diateichisma Romano-Byzantine building next to the tower Footpath leading towards Devil's Bridge Mountain stream at Devil's Bridge Mountain stream at Devil's Bridge Mountain stream at Devil's Bridge Mountain stream at Devil's Bridge Mountain stream at Devil's Bridge Footpath within Devil's Bridge area Mountain water trough at Devil's Bridge The 'Temple of Theseus' lies in front of the early Byzantine Basilica The Medieval Church of Panaghia Episkopi - 8th Cen. AD The Temple of Hippolytus - 4th Century BC Hellenistic walls within ancient Troezen The Medieval church interior Remains of the Medieval church of Panaghia Episkopi The Medieval church was built on the ruins of a Byzantine Basilica The large 'Temple of Theseus' complex